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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 48-52

A cross-sectional study of stress and personality factors in patients with bronchial asthma


1 Associate professor of Psychiatry, Department of psychiatry, A. C. Subba Reddy Government Medical College, Nellore, Andhra Pradesh, India
2 Professor of psychiatry and Head of the department, Department of psychiatry, A. C. Subba Reddy Government Medical College, Nellore, Andhra Pradesh, India
3 Assistant professor of psychiatry, Department of psychiatry, A. C. Subba Reddy Government Medical College, Nellore, Andhra Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Radha Krishna C Krishna
Professor of psychiatry and head of the department, Department of Psychiatry, A. C. Subba Reddy Government Medical College, Nellore, Andhra Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Background: Bronchial asthma is one of the earliest disorders which is thought to be a psychosomatic illness in which in most cases there will be a strong prevalence of psychosocial factors which initiate and maintain the frequency of asthmatic attacks. Psychological and emotional factors that impede caretaking behaviour may in some cases cause crucial detrimental influences on the course of the disease.. This study concentrates on identifying and defining the role and the nature of stressors experienced adopted and personality factors of asthmatic individuals. Aims: To study the levels of psychological stress and personality factors in patients with bronchial asthma and compare them with normal subjects. Methodology: The levels of psychological stress were measured using Psychological Stress Measuring scale and personality factors were assessed using Eysenck's personality inventory. Results: In total 50 subjects in each group were taken into the study and it was found that stress levels were significantly higher in subjects with bronchial asthma. On personality dimensions, patients with bronchial asthma were significantly scored less on extraversion score and higher on neuroticism score compared to normal subjects. Conclusion: The higher levels of stress in patients with bronchial asthma and personality factors predispose these patients to perceived stress which are to be addressed for comprehensive management.


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