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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 18-23

Co-morbid anxiety disorders in treatment-naive schizophrenia patients: a study from India


1 Consultant Psychiatrist, Rajasri clinic, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
2 Consultant Psychiatrist, Sri Venkateswara Nursing Home, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
3 Consultant Psychiatrist, City Nursing Home, Hyderabad, Telangana, India

Correspondence Address:
Rajshekhar Bipeta
Consultant Psychiatrist, Rajasri clinic, Malkajgiri, Hyderabad-500047, Telangana
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Background: Comorbidity is common in psychiatric disorders, and schizophrenia (SZ) is no exception. Anxiety disorders (AD) are frequently reported; however different rates are reported across different cultures. Aims: To study the prevalence of ADs in Indian SZ patients, and to compare SZ patients with and without ADs. Methodology: One hundred SZ patients with a mean age of 33.22 (+ 2.12) years, were assessed for comorbid ADs, and rated on various illness severity instruments, such as PANSS and HAM-A. Results: The prevalence of ADs in our sample of SZ patients was 63%, while 48% had more than one AD. The most common comorbidity was social anxiety disorder (24%) followed by obsessive-compulsive disorder (17%). This comorbidity was independent of PANSS severity ratings. Conclusion: The prevalence of ADs in SZ is high. The clinicians should be aware of this high comorbidity and treat them appropriately as ADs may worsen the prognosis of SZ.


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